Schematic plot of a system with a movable wall.

Modular Nitrogen-Doped Concave Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons for High-Performance Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Tunable Emission Mechanisms

J. Wagner, P. Zimmermann Crocomo, M. A. Kochman, A. Kubas, P. Data, M. Lindner

Angewandte Chemie International Edition , 2022


Although bowl-shaped N-pyrrolic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can achieve excellent electron-donating ability, their application for optoelectronics is hampered by typically low photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs). To address this issue, we report the synthesis and characterization of a series of curved and fully conjugated nitrogen-doped PAHs. Through structural modifications to the electron-accepting moiety, we are able to switch the mechanism of luminescence between thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP), and to tune the overall PLQY in the range from 9 % to 86 %. As a proof of concept, we constructed solid-state organic light-emitting diode (OLED) devices, which has not been explored to date in the context of concave N-doped systems being TADF/RTP emitters. The best-performing dye, possessing a peripheral trifluoromethyl group adjacent to the phenazine acceptor, exhibits yellow to orange emission with a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 12 %, which is the highest EQE in a curved D-A embedded N-PAH to date

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